Icarus: Towards a Multistore Database System

Marco Vogt, Alexander Stiemer, Heiko Schuldt
In Proceedings
Appears in
Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data) – 6th Workshop on Scalable Cloud Data Management (SCDM’2017)
Boston, MA, USA
IEEE Computer Society

The last years have seen a vast diversification on the database market. In contrast to the "one-size-fits-all" paradigm according to which systems have been designed in the past, today's database management systems (DBMSs) are tuned for particular workloads. This has led to DBMSs optimized for high performance, high throughput read/write workload in online transaction processing (OLTP) and systems optimized for complex analytical queries (OLAP). However, this approach reaches a limit when systems have to deal with mixed workloads that are neither pure OLAP nor pure OLTP workloads. In such cases, polystores are increasingly gaining popularity. Rather than supporting one single database paradigm and addressing one particular workload, polystores encompass several DBMSs that store data in different schemas and allow to route requests at a per-query-level to the most appropriate system. In this paper, we introduce the polystore Icarus. In our evaluation based on a workload that combines OLTP and OLAP elements, We show that Icarus is able to speed-up queries up to a factor of 3 by properly routing queries to the best underlying DBMS.